The hottest view on global 5g spectrum governance

2022-10-02
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From China's practice, global 5g spectrum governance

as the core resource for the development of mobile communication technology, spectrum resources are valuable and scarce. Spectrum planning is the starting point of the industry and will determine the development pattern of the industry

5g network speed, coverage and service quality largely depend on how and under what conditions the government and regulators allocate an appropriate amount and type of spectrum resources to mobile operators. These factors will affect the potential of 5g services in different countries, thus affecting the competitiveness of digital economy in various countries

gsma believes that if there is no long-term, reliable and predictable guarantee of spectrum resources, in order to provide high-quality services, the risk of heavy asset investment required for the construction of 5g networks will increase. Therefore, licensed spectrum is very important for providing mobile broadband services at a reasonable price to the public. As a key node of industrial development, wrc-19 will determine the landing and commercial progress of 5g millimeter wave spectrum in the world in the next decade, which must be paid high attention, and China will play an important role in it

5g spectrum allocation to avoid fragmentation: taking into account the multi band

gsma believes that 5g needs three spectra within the key frequency range to provide a wide range of coverage and support all use cases: the spectrum below 1GHz is mainly used for 5g mobile broadband coverage and helps support IOT services; GHz spectrum, providing good coverage and capacity combination for 5g services; The spectrum above 6 GHz is for ultra-high bandwidth services

gsma points out that 5g needs a wider frequency band of the new technology of "metal immunotherapy" to support higher speed and greater traffic. Providing at least MHz continuous spectrum for each operator in the main 5g if and 1GHz continuous spectrum for each operator in the important millimeter wave band will be the best support for fast 5g services

in this regard, the Chinese government has made a good demonstration. In December, 2018, the Ministry of industry and information technology of China issued licenses for the use of 5g system medium and low frequency test frequencies to the three major operators. Each basic telecommunications enterprise obtained 100MHz or more continuous test frequencies, ensuring the frequency resources necessary for 5g commercial applications

with the development of mobile communication technology, spectrum resources are becoming increasingly scarce. GSMA suggests that regulators should avoid setting aside spectrum for vertical markets in key frequency bands. GSMA believes that this practice will hinder the full release of 5g maximum efficiency and waste spectrum resources. For example, due to the geographical restrictions of vertical industries, it is impossible to widely use these precious 5g spectrum resources within or between countries, resulting in a waste of resources. At the same time, the fragmentation of spectrum will also lead to the lack of scale and the increase of industrial costs

in addition to 5g slicing technology, mobile operators can also set up special services for enterprise users on the basis of coordinating full spectrum resources to meet the application needs of vertical industries

innovation and change in spectrum allocation methods: auction should not be the only means

in recent years, the pace of global 5g spectrum auction has accelerated. This method is considered by most countries to be the most fair and effective main means of spectrum allocation. However, according to GSMA research, high spectrum prices are often associated with poor network coverage and expensive but low-quality information services, which have seriously affected consumers' experience of services

at the same time, spectrum auction is not always effective, and failure cases occur repeatedly. Especially when some governments' deficits expand and try to increase fiscal gain by auctioning spectrum at a high price to help balance the budget, this failure will increase

how to solve 5g spectrum resource allocation? GSMA believes that auction should not be the only means of spectrum allocation considered. In some cases, administrative distribution is a better choice

gsma said that China's approach to the government's allocation of spectrum and the issuance of 5g licenses is worth learning from. The four operators that can sensitively respond to the surface defects of materials in China have obtained the corresponding 5g spectrum in the form of administrative allocation, which is the result of research and consultation by the Chinese government and regulators. Facts have proved that these bands are very in line with the needs of the three operators, and are of great benefit to their 5g deployment. At the same time, Finnish regulators and national operators agreed to share 5g spectrum at a reasonable price last year, which also benefits all parties without spectrum auction

in recent years, more and more countries have begun to realize that the most successful auctions are not necessarily those that bring the most revenue. When allocating 3.5GHz spectrum recently, Swiss regulators did not take auction revenue as the final consideration, but adopted a more effective allocation mechanism to ensure that Switzerland can provide excellent 5g services. These successful experiences are not untraceable. GSMA also outlines ten auction reference specifications for the reference of governments and regulators in various countries

create a win-win situation: carefully and reasonably determine the protection conditions of millimeter wave spectrum

millimeter wave spectrum can support extremely high data transmission rate and ultra reliable, low delay functions, which will support new use cases and bring 5g benefits to global consumers and enterprises. 5g millimeter wave spectrum is expected to create US $565billion in GDP and US $152billion in tax revenue for the world between 2020 and 2034

gsma believes that millimeter wave will be the key factor to fully release all the potential of 5g, especially in vertical fields such as industrial interconnection and intelligent transportation. The global unified division of millimeter wave spectrum on wrc-19 is crucial to the development of 5g industry, which will create the largest economies of scale and help the industry provide more affordable broadband prices worldwide

gsma proposes to allocate 26ghz (24..5ghz), 40GHz (37..5ghz) and GHz band resources for mobile services on wrc-19. Among them, 26ghz will be the most promising 5g millimeter wave band to become a global unified band

pay attention to the allocated bandwidth while determining the allocation of these frequency bands to mobile services. GSMA proposes to widen the continuous spectrum to 1GHz for each operator in the millimeter wave band (i.e. above 24GHz), of which a sufficient number of unified 5g spectrum is essential to achieve the fastest 5g speed, low-cost equipment deployment and international roaming, and minimize cross-border interference

gsma believes that from the technical research results led by ITU, in the application of 5g millimeter wave band, mobile services and existing services can coexist under some reasonable protection conditions. The global government needs to work together to make a prudent and reasonable choice in the protection conditions, which can not only provide sufficient and reasonable protection for existing services, but also ensure the reasonable use of frequency in 5g industry, and finally achieve a win-win effect, Do not let excessive protection slow down the development of 5g. As a leading country in 5g development, China needs to closely consult with governments and promote the millimeter wave division resolution beneficial to the healthy development of 5g on wrc-19, so as to lay a key understanding foundation for the full release of 5g capacity

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