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Customs helps enterprises deal with export trade "barriers"

release date: Source: legal system

technical trade measures are an inevitable threshold for upgrading made in China to "made in China". Not long ago, Thailand required 134 kinds of pesticide residues to be detected in imported fresh-keeping vegetables and fruits. Therefore, Shenzhen export enterprises increased the detection fee, storage fee and other operating costs by about 750000

recently, we learned from the Guangdong Branch of the General Administration of customs that in recent years, "technical trade measures" have emerged in various forms and have had a great impact on Guangdong as a major foreign trade province. According to incomplete statistics, in recent three years, due to technical trade, the cumulative loss of measures for the export of electrolytic copper products of Jinlong Copper Industry in Guangdong Province reached 171.48 billion, accounting for 21.6% of the country. In order to help export enterprises actively respond to technology trade measures, Guangdong Customs has continuously strengthened the construction of technology trade system and effectively safeguarded the interests of industries and enterprises, closely focusing on Guangdong's industrial development, transformation and upgrading needs

a wide range of enterprises affected by technology trade

"technical trade measures" refers to the general term of technical measures affecting international trade in goods governed by the agreement on technical barriers to trade and the agreement on the implementation of sanitary and phytosanitary measures of the World Trade Organization (WTO)

obtaining foreign official certification and meeting the requirements of relevant laws, regulations and standards are the primary premise for Chinese products to enter the international market and "sail to sea". According to the customs investigation, in 2020, WTO members issued 5300 notifications of technical trade measures, a year-on-year increase of 3.9%, mainly related to the environmental protection, quality, safety, labeling, testing and certification and other requirements of products, resulting in the loss of orders, destruction and return of goods, and increased costs for Chinese enterprises

an electronic enterprise in Shenzhen reported that its Vietnamese customers had higher and higher requirements for product technology, resulting in the loss of all orders. To re obtain orders, it was necessary to pay a fine of nearly 1million yuan to some customers for products judged to be unqualified

"in 2019, affected by Saudi Arabia quality mark certification, our company indirectly lost about 25million orders." Qiu Li, deputy general manager of ceramic production enterprises of Yuehua Xingye import and Export Co., Ltd. in Foshan, Guangdong Province, said when reporting the export situation to Guangzhou Customs. It is understood that according to cabinet Decree No. 216 issued by Saudi Arabia standards organization, manufacturers and traders are required to apply for Saudi Arabia quality marks for controlled products through authorized certification bodies

ceramics are China's traditional export products. However, in recent years, foreign technical trade measures against China's ceramic products have emerged in endlessly, with 31 new ones in 2020, which is the year when China's ceramic products have suffered the most technical trade measures since China's accession to the world trade organization

according to the Guangdong Branch of the General Administration of customs, the customs' investigation on the impact of foreign technical trade measures on export enterprises in Guangdong Province shows that the export industries affected by foreign technical trade measures in recent years mainly involve wood, paper, toy furniture, textile shoes and hats, electromechanical instruments and other industries. Industrial product export enterprises encounter more technical and trade measures such as certification, technical standards, labels and signs, packaging and materials, environmental protection, and agricultural and food product export enterprises encounter more technical and trade measures such as agricultural and veterinary drug residue limit requirements

the survey also shows that China's export enterprises do not have a strong sense of compliance and rights protection and coping ability. Taking the information and communication industry as an example, about 30% of the information and communication enterprises have a certain understanding of the response to technical trade measures. 26% of the surveyed enterprises have established testing laboratories, but only 9.5% of the enterprises have participated in the response to technical trade measures. In terms of rule practice, enterprises do not have enough knowledge and application of WTO rules

measures to help enterprises deal with technology trade

in order to help export enterprises actively respond to technology trade measures, Guangdong Customs has continuously strengthened the construction of working system for technical trade measures to effectively safeguard the interests of industries and enterprises around the needs of Guangdong's industrial development, transformation and upgrading

2020 in May, Zhongli eel farm in Doushan Town, Taishan City, Guangdong Province encountered a "trouble" in eel export: after more than a year of hard production, Zhongli eel farm was expecting a harvest and was ready to export live eels abroad. However, the customer told the enterprise that the registration information of the farm in the Chinese customs could not be found in the customs access list of the exporting country, and the products could not be exported to the country for the time being. After learning about the situation, Jiangmen Customs quickly started the emergency work procedures, expedited the relevant filing procedures through the external contact channel of the General Administration of customs, and appointed a special person to follow up. Finally, the information filing procedures were completed in a short time

the case of Zhongli eel farm is not alone. "In March, 2020, the roasted eel products in two containers of Taishan Lvsheng Food Co., Ltd. were seized at the foreign customs because the exporter had new requirements for the certificate style." Zhujianwen of Jiangmen Customs inspection office recalled that after learning the news, Jiangmen Customs immediately set up a special team to actively coordinate and communicate with the other party, submit a new certificate style, and finally "release" this batch of roast eel products. At present, Taishan City, Guangdong Province has become the largest Japanese eel breeding, processing and export base in China. The "Taishan eel" brand is listed in the "national geographical indication protection products", which is one of the few clamping and installation products suitable for box type and hand-held samples in China; According to the standard requirements, there are test modes of ± 22.5oc, ± 45oC, ± 90oC and other standard requirements and user self setting modes for users to choose (which can meet the requirements of ul1005 standard 180 ° (± 90 °) 20 times/min and ul859 standard 540 °/10 times/min (or 30rpm) standard terms). It is one of the export agricultural products that have a voice in international trade pricing

according to you Hong, deputy director of the inspection and quarantine office of Guangdong Branch, in recent years, the customs directly under Guangdong Province has actively carried out research and response to foreign technology and trade measures, relying on professional and technical capabilities, increased technical investment, timely provided enterprises with information services such as early warning of foreign restrictive measures and interpretation of laws and regulations, comprehensively carried out publicity and training, and carried out notification and evaluation and special trade attention, Provide "one-stop" testing services and other measures to help enterprises break through the export "barrier"

Shenzhen Customs has actively organized enterprises to conduct analysis and Research on the obstacles of foreign technical trade measures to the export of information and communication, medical devices, new energy vehicles, electronic displays and other industries, and has successfully helped enterprises reduce the impact of multinational technical trade measures by comprehensively applying WTO trade rules. Timely release information warning. In view of the COVID-19 in 2020, the EU, the United States, Brazil and other countries and regions have issued masks and other medical products. The core precision component in this is the spindle; As for emergency measures for articles export, Shenzhen customs actively collects and sorts out relevant information, carefully organizes analysis and interpretation, and timely issues measures interpretation materials to enterprises to help enterprises quickly grasp the latest foreign requirements and grasp the export opportunity

technology and trade base provides technical support

last year, during the tracking and monitoring of foreign technical trade measures, Shenzhen customs found that the communication equipment standards issued by a country were higher than international standards, which significantly increased the production, procurement, testing and certification costs of Chinese enterprises and dragged down the product listing cycle. Therefore, it immediately organized relevant enterprises to make comments and suggestions and submitted them to the General Administration of customs. The General Administration of Customs has negotiated with the other side for many times, prompting the foreign side to relax the limit of technical indicators and reduce the test requirements with reference to international standards

in the past five years, the Guangdong provincial customs technology and trade base has actively studied and responded to foreign technology and trade measures, and timely issued information warnings. A total of 342 special training sessions have been held for Guangdong export enterprises, with 5738 trainees. In addition, it has also organized and completed more than 50 major research projects on the research and application of technology and trade measures in countries along the "the Belt and Road" to provide technical support for enterprises to break through foreign technical barriers

it is understood that at present, the customs in Guangdong Province has established 10 national technology trade research and evaluation bases in the province, accounting for about 30% of the total bases in the country. It is the province with the largest number of bases. For example, Foshan ceramic technical trade measures research and evaluation base, relying on the technical ability of the laboratory, has taken the initiative to become the designated testing laboratory and testing institution of the government departments of Malaysia, the Philippines and other countries, relying on the recognition of foreign government departments as a breakthrough, providing convenience for Chinese enterprises and achieving the certification in China

the home appliance technical trade measures research and evaluation base of China wto/tbt-sps national notification and consultation center under the jurisdiction of Guangzhou Customs has carried out personalized customization services for technical trade measures information, provided global intelligent locks, gas appliance technical regulations and other information services for Midea, Wanhe and other home appliance enterprises, and accurately promoted more than 30000 pieces of technical trade measures information such as foreign access systems, policies and standards for small, medium and micro enterprises

the customs suggests that if an enterprise is forced to abandon the target market due to the unreasonable requirements of technology access and conformity assessment procedures set abroad, and its export products have been or will be detained, destroyed, returned, or unable to meet the various access requirements of the importing country, the enterprise can contact the local customs. The customs may organize professional and technical personnel in the customs system, scientific research institutions, enterprises, third-party testing institutions and other fields to carry out special research on foreign technology and trade measures, form the Chinese side's demands and concerns, and feed back to the foreign side on multilateral and bilateral occasions through the customs foreign cooperation consultation mechanism, so as to actively reduce the adverse impact of foreign unreasonable technology and trade measures and safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of enterprises

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